Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary
Thursday, 19 September 2013
Wednesday, 24 July 2013
Isis Pharmaceuticals is "very encouraged" by a second set of mid-stage data for its heart drugAPOIIIRx, which shows that it can substantially slash levels of dangerous fats in the blood.
In a 26-patient Phase II trial, patients with severely high levels of triglycerides taking Isis' drug alongside fibrates experienced 64% drop in triglycerides, and a 70% drop in apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), a component of 'bad' low-density lipoprotein
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Tuesday, 23 July 2013
New therapy for pancreatic cancer: Phase III clinical trial currently recruiting Australian patients
Currently there is a clinical trial that is recruiting patients from around the globe including sites across Australia. The trial is testing MM-398; a therapy that uses the latest in nanotechnology to deliver the chemotherapeutic agent irinotecan encased in a liposome to cancer patients.1 In particular this trial, named NAPOLI-1 (NAnoliPOsomaL Irinotecan) is recruiting patients with pancreatic cancer who have previously been treated with the chemotherapy agent gemcitabine unsuccessfully i.e. their disease has gone on to spread/progress despite this treatment.2,3
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Irinotecan prevents DNA from unwinding by inhibition of topoisomerase 1. In chemical terms, it is a semisynthetic analogue of the natural alkaloid camptothecin.
Its main use is in colon cancer, in particular, in combination with other chemotherapy agents. This includes the regimen FOLFIRI, which consists of infusional 5-fluorouracil,leucovorin, and irinotecan.
Irinotecan received accelerated approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1996 and full approval in 1998. During development, it was known as CPT-11.
Irinotecan is activated by hydrolysis to SN-38, an inhibitor of topoisomerase I. This is then inactivated by glucuronidation by uridine diphosphate glucoronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). The inhibition of topoisomerase I by the active metabolite SN-38 eventually leads to inhibition of both DNA replication and transcription.Merrimack currently has six oncology therapeutics in clinical development, multiple product candidates in preclinical development and an active Systems Biology-driven discovery effort.
MM-398 in the Clinic
Phase III prostate cancer trial for 'homing' injection shows improvements
A new treatment for advanced prostate cancer that homes-in on tumours to deliver a high-energy burst of radiation to cancer cells has shown significant benefits in a large scale clinical trial.
The trial of 921 patients showed that treatment with the radioactive Radium-223 gave men with late-stage prostate cancer an average extra of 15 weeks of life.http://www.pharmaceutical-technology.com/news/newsphase-iii-prostate-cancer-trial-for-homing-injection-shows-benefit?WT.mc_id=DN_News
Tuesday, 16 July 2013
Monday, 15 July 2013
Research in HIV therapies -A review- The global community has made significant strides forward in its mission to eradicate the HIV epidemic
Saturday, 13 July 2013
Friday, 12 July 2013
Cohen: We saw that happen last year when JNJ prematurely unblinded the pre- chemo Phase III study for the prostate cancer drug Zytiga. The trial achieved ...
In 1999, FDA granted Allovectin-7 orphan drug designation for the treatment of invasive and metastatic melanoma.
Monday, 1 July 2013
Verona Pharma Plc Peer-Reviewed Paper Suggests RPL554 With Glycopyrrolate, Or Other Muscarinic Receptor Antagonists, Produces Synergistic Bronchodilation
Verona Pharma Plc ("Verona Pharma" Or The "Company") Peer-Reviewed ...
Verona Pharma is developing first-in-class drugs to treat respiratory disease, such as COPD, asthma and chronic, severe cough. The Company has three drug programmes, two of which are in Phase II. The lead programme, RPL554, is an innovative dual ...
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RPL-554 (LS-193,855) is a drug which acts as a long-acting inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase enzymes PDE-3 and PDE-4, producing both bronchodilator and antiinflammatory effects. It is being developed by Verona Pharma as a potential treatment for asthma and hay fever, and is currently in clinical trials.
- Boswell-Smith V, Spina D, Oxford AW, Comer MB, Seeds EA, Page CP. The Pharmacology of Two Novel Long-Acting Phosphodiesterase 3/4 Inhibitors, RPL554 (9,10-Dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(N-carbamoyl-2-aminoethyl) -3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido(6,1-a)isoquinolin-4-one) and RPL565 (6,7-Dihydro-2-(2,6-diisopropylphenoxy)-9,10-dimethoxy-4H-pyrimido(6,1-a)isoquinolin-4-one). Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2006; 318(2):840-848.
- Asthma and hay fever drug tested. BBC News, Wednesday 10 September 2008
Friday, 28 June 2013
Alexion’s Soliris® (eculizumab) Receives Orphan Drug Designation for the Treatment of Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO)
Structure of eculizumab. Eculizumab was engineered to reduce immunogenicity and eliminate effector function. Human IgG2 and IgG4 heavy-chain sequences were combined to form a hybrid constant region that is unable to bind Fc receptors or to activate the complement cascade. Eculizumab exhibits high affinity for human C5, effectively blocking its cleavage and downstream proinflammatory and cell lytic properties. Reprinted from Rother et al with permission.
Alexion's Soliris® (eculizumab) Receives Orphan Drug Designation for the ...
In a Phase 2 study presented at the 2012 annual meeting of the American Neurological Association (ANA), Soliris treatment was associated with a significant reduction in the frequency of relapses (recurring attacks) in patients with severe, relapsing ...
Eculizumab (INN and USAN; trade name Soliris) is a humanized monoclonal antibody that is a first-in-class terminal complement inhibitor and the first therapy approved for the treatment of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), a rare, progressive, and sometimes life-threatening disease characterized by excessive destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis). It costs £400,000 (US$600,000) per year per patient
Eculizumab also is the first agent approved for the treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), an ultra-rare genetic disease that causes abnormal blood clots to form in small blood vessels throughout the body, leading to kidney failure, damage to other vital organs and premature death.
In clinical trials in patients with PNH, eculizumab was associated with reductions in chronic hemolysis, thromboembolic events, and transfusion requirements, as well as improvements in PNH symptoms, quality of life, and survival.Clinical trials in patients with aHUS demonstrated inhibition of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA),the formation of blood clots in small blood vessels throughout the body, including normalization of platelets and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), as well as maintenance or improvement in renal function.
Eculizumab was discovered and developed by Alexion Pharmaceuticals and is manufactured by Alexion. It was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on March 16, 2007 for the treatment of PNH, and on September 23, 2011 for the treatment of aHUS. It was approved by the European Medicines Agency for the treatment of PNH on June 20, 2007, and on November 24, 2011 for the treatment of aHUS. Eculizumab is currently being investigated as a potential treatment for other severe, ultra-rare disorders.
Celgene buys MophoSys for myeloma antibody development
German biopharmaceutical company MorphoSys will jointly develop an antibody for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) and leukaemia with Celgene Corporation.
Tuesday, 25 June 2013
Structures of resistance-breaking derivatives of established antibiotic classes. Selected compounds are depicted that were recently launched or are currently in development. Ceftobiprole has increased affinity for PBP2a, a member of the target family of penicillin-binding proteins not affected by marketed β-lactams. Tigecycline, iclaprim, telithromycin, and telavancin make contacts to additional binding sites on their established targets or address additional targets. Structural elements responsible for the novel target interactions are marked bold. MCB-3681, TD-1792, and CBR-2092 are hybrid molecules, in which two pharmacophors from different antibiotic classes are attached by linkers. Linkers are marked bold
All antibiotics that have been successfully employed for decades as monotherapeutics in the treatment of bacterial infections rely on mechanisms of bacterial growth inhibition which are by far more complex than inhibition of a single enzyme. Such successful antibiotics have in common that they address several targets in parallel and/or that their targets are encoded by multiple genes. Such multiplicity of targets and of target genes has the advantage that the emergence of spontaneous target-related resistance is a comparatively slow process. Recently registered antibiotics and novel antibiotics in development are discussed in the light of this promising concept of antibacterial polypharmacology.
How many modes of action should an antibiotic have?
- AiCuris GmbH & Co.KG, Friedrich-Ebert Strasse 475, Building 302, D-42117 Wuppertal, Germany
- Available online 30 July 2008
Monday, 24 June 2013
A new peptidomimetic inhibits prostate cancer’s growth by preventing the androgen receptor from binding to its cofactor